S-44 and the systematic error

S-44 and the systematic error

IHO standard S-44 is often used (or misused) to specify the quality of a hydrographic survey. While it is a useful tool, it is easy to misinterpret. One ‘misuse’ is to...

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The renewal of a research vessel fleet

The renewal of a research vessel fleet

When contemplating the replacement of a research and survey fleet, a collective effort is required to meticulously curate an optimal new fleet, considering factors such as ship typ...

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Sentinel-2 coastal charting worldwide

Sentinel-2 coastal charting worldwide

It is widely and wrongly assumed that the world’s coastal regions have been surveyed in detail by modern techniques and that the resulting nautical charts are an accurate ref...

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