Guidelines for Monitoring Plastics in the Oceans - 05/10/2019


A new set of publicly available guidelines for monitoring plastics and microplastics in the oceans will help harmonize how scientists and others assess the scale of the marine plastic litter problem. The guidelines cover what to sample, how to sample it and how to record and assess plastics in the oceans and on the shoreline, including establishing baseline surveys. They include recommendations, advice and practical guidance for establishing programmes to monitor and assess the distribution and abundance of plastic litter, also referred to as plastic debris, in the ocean.

Definitions for Categories

The guidelines, published by GESAMP, include common definitions for categories of marine litter and plastics, examples of size and shape, how to design monitoring and assessment programmes, sampling and surveys. Sections cover citizen science programmes, which involve members of the public in marine litter surveying and research. There are detailed chapters on monitoring sea surface floating plastic and plastic on the seafloor.

The guidelines can be used by national, inter-governmental and international organizations with responsibilities for managing the social, economic and ecological consequences of land and sea-based human activities on the marine environment.

Reduce Marine Pollution

The guidelines are a response to the hitherto lack of an internationally agreed methodology to report on the distribution and abundance of marine plastic litter and microplastics and directly contribute to the UN SDG Goal 14 for the oceans. Specifically, the guidelines are a response to target 14.1: By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including plastic debris and nutrient pollution.

The guidelines were presented by the Chair GESAMP and Chair of Working Group 40 in the UNEA meeting held in Nairobi from 11-15 March 2019. GESAMP is a group of independent scientific experts that provides advice to the UN system on scientific aspects of marine environmental protection. The new guidelines can be found here.

Last updated: 15/10/2019