Surveying and Dredging in the Middle East

Interview with Charles Martin, Martin Mid East LLC, UAE
Charles Martin was born in Cape Town and schooled at Bishops, where he played moderate rugby, bad cricket and was a reluctant member of the choir for a few years. After a year compulsory internment in the South African Navy, he obtained a Civil Engineering Diploma and commenced his professional career by blasting away a large portion of Ben Schoeman Dock for Christiani Ham. He worked for Ham Dredging for eight years and National Marine Dredging Company in Abu Dhabi for twelve years before starting his own company in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). What is the history behind Martin... (read more)
2008-01-01 01:00:00

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

A Status Update
In this feature the current status and future development of four Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) are briefly presented. These four systems are the American Global Positioning System (GPS), the Russian Glonass, the European Galileo and the Chinese BeiDou Compass. All four systems offer, or will offer, civil navigation services (publicly open), as well as restricted access navigation services, which means for GPS, Glonass and most likely for Compass as well, military services. The European Galileo system will offer so-called Publicly Regulated Services (PRS) for use by the government. The basic principle of satellite navigation – referred to as standalone... (read more)
2011-03-16 12:04:30

Hydrography Will Be Big Contributor Filling the Digital Aquarium

Hydro International Interviews Mathias Jonas, Secretary-General of the International Hydrographic Organisation
The new secretary-general of the International Hydrographic Organisation (IHO), Mathias Jonas, has had a long career, now culminating in the highest rank within the world’s leading organisation for hydrography. He took office this autumn, succeeding Robert Ward, after he was elected in spring this year by the Member States. 'Hydro International' of course wants to know what Dr Jonas envisions for hydrography and the wider world it influences. Mathias Jonas starts off by sharing how he was already in touch with IMO and IHO in the nineties. ‘Arriving at the German maritime administration as a young professional mariner and as one... (read more)
2017-12-05 01:50:23

Subsea Cable Route Surveying

Planning Challenges
Almost all (99%) international data is transmitted by around 265 subsea cable systems connecting the world. The total length of subsea cables exceeds 1.6 million kilometres, and they can be found as deep as 8,000m. The cables, which can cost hundreds of millions of dollars, must generally be run across flat surfaces of the ocean floor, taking care to avoid coral reefs, wrecks, environmentally and politically sensitive areas and general geological obstructions. Diameters are generally no thicker than an average garden hose. Cable laying is an expensive operation and is a function of the total length of cable, water depths... (read more)
2017-10-30 03:32:44

Surveying in the Ross Sea

The deepwater research vessel Tangaroa of the National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research (NIWA) of New Zealand undertakes regular research expeditions to the Antarctic waters. In the last eight years, this 70m ice-strengthened vessel has successfully completed seven voyages to Antarctica: three of which were to the Ross Sea. This article describes her 48-day voyage in 2006. During this latest voyage, she once again collected data to extend our knowledge of the geophysical and biological make-up of the Ross Sea region Looking Back Tangaroa ’s first voyage to the Ross Sea was in February–March 2001, when it undertook a... (read more)
2007-05-09 12:00:00

Making European Marine Geospatial Data Available

Hydro International Interviews Jan-Bart Calewaert
For some years now EMODnet has been creating access to marine data sources. The long-term aim of EMODnet is to unlock the wealth of marine observations and data in Europe that are partly hidden and fragmented and make these easily available free of charge. On 20 October 2015, a conference will be organised in Oostende, Belgium, to discuss subjects such as data availability and governance of the EMODnet structure. Hydro International interviews Jan-Bart Calewaert, head of the EMODnet Secretariat. How big is the EMODnet Secretariat? The EMODnet Secretariat was set up in 2013. Currently, there are three people working at... (read more)
2015-08-27 02:36:09

ENC Life Cycle

From the quality perspective, an electronic navigational chart (ENC) as a product is more demanding than its paper predecessor. Quality control and quality assurance of an ENC is a complex matter. The task of ensuring ENC quality during practical chart production is much broader than the direct implementation of standards. Obviously, to meet the ENC challenge, different life-cycle steps must be taken.<P> Electronic navigational charts (ENCs) consist of digitised data conforming to the International Hydrographic Organization's (IHOs) S-57 ENC Product Specification that records all relevant charted features necessary for safe navigation, such as coastlines, bathymetry, buoys, lights, etc. An electronic... (read more)
2009-03-27 12:00:00

The Dawn of the Digital Age

How digital visual systems lower costs and improve efficiency
Traditionally, Video Inspection surveys have been performed by ROV using analogue CCD colour cameras, with the video pictures recorded to S-VHS videotapes. This technology has served the industry well for more than twenty years but technology moves on: the world watches films on DVD, digital video movie trailers can be viewed over the internet and 3G mobile phones allow digital video clips to be viewed on the move. We are about to witness the same paradigm shift in the way we handle video information as occurred twelve years ago when CD audio replaced analogue vinyl recordings. Digital video systems offer... (read more)
2008-01-01 01:00:00

Bio-inspired Underwater Robotics

Swimming, Swarming and Sensing
For operations in complex underwater environments, bio-inspired robots offer manoeuvrability, stealth and autonomy. They integrate propulsion and control systems into one multi-purpose undulatory propeller. By generating large counteracting forces, undulating fins generate a wide range of net torques and accelerations. Bio-inspired designs can provide stealth by imitating the motion patterns of organisms. Bio-inspiration provides strategies to integrate multimodal sensory information, and algorithms on how to form robot swarms. Multimodal sensing and swarming facilitate navigation during indeterminate tasks, such as surveying or maintenance, provide robot redundancy, and increase the temporal and spatial resolution of a mission. People have been inspired by... (read more)
2014-04-07 01:29:12

Satellite Positioning

Within the last twenty years Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers have revolutionised navigation. Integrated devices are capable of providing time, position, height, direction, heave and attitude to accuracies of a few nanoseconds time, 1cm position or 0.01 degree heading. All potentially displayed on a digital chart background with radar and auto-identification system overlays. In this first of two articles we look at current Satellite Positioning systems, how they work and how we can make them better. In a second article, to appear next month, we explore the future development of Satellite Positioning and the implications for navigation. How does Satellite... (read more)
2008-01-01 01:00:00
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