1997-2007: A Decade of Developments in Hydrography

We all know what is the oldest profession in the world. The second oldest is probably that of land surveyor: Adam undoubtedly wanted to stake out the boundaries of paradise in order to know what was and was not his. Paradise, or the Garden of Eden, was to be found in the land of the Euphrates and Tigris, where these two rivers converge at the town of Qurna in the present Shatt al Arab. And apart from his topographical activities Adam must also have made some hydrographic observations, probably just using a stick cut from a local fruit tree! After... (read more)
2007-02-02 12:00:00

Low-budget Hydrography

Opinions from differing backgrounds
Low-budget Hydrography is the theme of this issue. Realising that different players in hydrography will have differing opinions on various aspects of low-budget hydrography and interested in exploring these divergent views on your behalf, HI asked representatives from various camps for their opinions on some leading questions. The representatives interviewed are: Jeffrey F. Marlow, Survey Technician, US Army Corps of Engineers CDR Guy Noll, Commanding Officer, NOAA Ship RAINIER LTCDR Richard Cullen, Staff Officer Quality Control AHS Questions: 1. Can you briefly explain your position in the hydrographic world: your experience and present position? Cullen: I have been employed by... (read more)
2008-01-01 01:00:00

The Dawn of the Digital Age

How digital visual systems lower costs and improve efficiency
Traditionally, Video Inspection surveys have been performed by ROV using analogue CCD colour cameras, with the video pictures recorded to S-VHS videotapes. This technology has served the industry well for more than twenty years but technology moves on: the world watches films on DVD, digital video movie trailers can be viewed over the internet and 3G mobile phones allow digital video clips to be viewed on the move. We are about to witness the same paradigm shift in the way we handle video information as occurred twelve years ago when CD audio replaced analogue vinyl recordings. Digital video systems offer... (read more)
2008-01-01 01:00:00

Surveying and Dredging in the Middle East

Interview with Charles Martin, Martin Mid East LLC, UAE
Charles Martin was born in Cape Town and schooled at Bishops, where he played moderate rugby, bad cricket and was a reluctant member of the choir for a few years. After a year compulsory internment in the South African Navy, he obtained a Civil Engineering Diploma and commenced his professional career by blasting away a large portion of Ben Schoeman Dock for Christiani Ham. He worked for Ham Dredging for eight years and National Marine Dredging Company in Abu Dhabi for twelve years before starting his own company in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). What is the history behind Martin... (read more)
2008-01-01 01:00:00

Minimising Offshore Survey Product Liability

In this article, offshore survey products are meant in the broadest sense. Not just survey, navigation and positioning, but the purpose or project that the dependent results are used for. No work in the offshore industry can proceed efficiently without good positioning data and survey information. From the initial 2D and eventual 3D surveys, through to the commissioning of the offshore installation and pipelines, offshore survey is the link between the various pieces of the complex puzzle. In this article, offshore survey products are meant in the broadest sense. Not just survey, navigation and positioning, but the purpose or project... (read more)
2008-01-01 01:00:00

‘Killer’ AUV Sonar System

In January 2001, C&C Technologies (C&C), a company based in Lafayette (Louisiana, USA), introduced the first commercially successful autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) to the offshore industry. The AUV’s survey sensor suite, which included an EdgeTech side-scan sonar and sub-bottom profiler, performed well in the Gulf of Mexico and Brazilian offshore environments. However, West Africa proved more challenging – particularly for the sub-bottom profiler. C&C soon began searching for alternative technologies to provide better sub-bottom profiler penetration and higher resolution side-scan sonar imaging.Jim Chance, C&C Technologies (USA) Art Kleiner, EdgeTech (USA)<P> Narrator: Fast forward to the early autumn of 2004… C&C... (read more)
2008-04-02 12:00:00

3D Sonar in Object Detection

Intuitive real-time imaging for sub-sea visualisation and classification
Sonar is well accepted as an option for detection and visualisation of underwater objects. Side-scan and sector-scanning sonar have traditionally been used by surveyors but whilst they produce excellent images, these are often difficult to interpret accurately. This article describes new developments in 3D-sonar and their advantages and use in emerging underwater disciplines. Classic applications for object-detection are many and varied, ranging from looking for items such as wreckage, debris, lost items and so forth to defence applications, seeking out threats such as mines. Increasingly, though, object detection has been expanded to include obstacle avoidance for both surface and submersible... (read more)
2008-01-01 01:00:00

What is the Manufacturer’s view?

Interview with Steve Berglund, President and CEO, Trimble
In the previous series of interviews, Hydro international has paid much attention to conferences, standards of competence, survey companies, etc. Aiming at the total filed of hydrography we also wish to pay attention to the section of developers and manufacturers of equipment. Steve Berglund, CEO of Trimble, an internationally known manufacturers of hydrographic equipment and thus a representative example, agreed to be interviewed and disclose some insight information from that part of the hydrographic scene. Please give our readers a summary of your education, career development and your involvement in hydrography (if any) Steven W. Berglund joined Trimble as President... (read more)
2008-01-01 01:00:00

Supply Hydrographic Personnel

Hydro INTERNATIONAL Interviews Johan Stam, Business Development Manager, Atlas Services Group
There is a global shortage of hydrographic surveyors. The industry is faced with an interesting challenge and looks to specialised education facilities and personnel suppliers to assist in solving this problem. Even in times of high unemployment it can be difficult to find sufficient skilled personnel to carry out hydrographic survey work in the offshore environment. Hydrographic educational institutions around the world are struggling to attract enough students, resulting in noticeable shortages of trainees within the survey departments of large and small survey contracting companies. Although working conditions have improved considerably over recent decades, the environment in which hydrographic surveyors... (read more)
2008-01-01 01:00:00

Synthetic Aperture Sonar Challenges

Synthetic aperture sonar (SAS) has been under active development for decades. The technique is particularly well suited for autonomous underwater vehicles, and it is expected that SAS will replace traditional side-scan sonars for many ‘high-end’ AUV applications in the years to come. Research systems have been used for more than 15 years and many R&D groups around the world have been able to present images that would not have been possible to produce using traditional sonars. However, in many cases, these impressive sonar images are the result of days of tuning and tweaking by experts. A lot of effort has... (read more)
2008-05-15 12:00:00
Search Filter