1997-2007: A Decade of Developments in Hydrography

We all know what is the oldest profession in the world. The second oldest is probably that of land surveyor: Adam undoubtedly wanted to stake out the boundaries of paradise in order to know what was and was not his. Paradise, or the Garden of Eden, was to be found in the land of the Euphrates and Tigris, where these two rivers converge at the town of Qurna in the present Shatt al Arab. And apart from his topographical activities Adam must also have made some hydrographic observations, probably just using a stick cut from a local fruit tree! After... (read more)
2007-02-02 12:00:00

Sea Levels and the Coast

The oceans are a central part of the global climate system. As Roger Revelle, one of the early directors of the Scripps Institute of Oceanography, said, “The oceans exert a profound influence on mankind and indeed upon all forms of life on Earth. The oceans are inexhaustible sources of water and heat, and control the climate of many parts of the world.” He also recognised that “human beings are now carrying out a large-scale geophysical experiment of a kind that could have not have happened in the past nor be reproduced in the future”. Roger Revelle’s thoughts have even more... (read more)
2007-10-27 12:00:00

Self-installing Wind Turbines

A Different Approach
The Dutch company SPT developed a new foundation concept for offshore wind turbines in order to reduce the costs and environmental impact: a Self Installing Wind Turbine. The concept is based on a tripod with suction piles. As these foundations do not penetrate as deep as single pile structures, a different approach for survey and soil investigation techniques can be applied. Prior to the design of a wind farm, information on the seabed properties, its behaviour and the underlying geology are required. Insight into the morphology of the seabed by multi-beam (Figure 1), and side-scan sonar surveys (Figure 2) can... (read more)
2012-10-05 04:41:29

Hydrography Will Be Big Contributor Filling the Digital Aquarium

Hydro International Interviews Mathias Jonas, Secretary-General of the International Hydrographic Organisation
The new secretary-general of the International Hydrographic Organisation (IHO), Mathias Jonas, has had a long career, now culminating in the highest rank within the world’s leading organisation for hydrography. He took office this autumn, succeeding Robert Ward, after he was elected in spring this year by the Member States. 'Hydro International' of course wants to know what Dr Jonas envisions for hydrography and the wider world it influences. Mathias Jonas starts off by sharing how he was already in touch with IMO and IHO in the nineties. ‘Arriving at the German maritime administration as a young professional mariner and as one... (read more)
2017-12-05 01:50:23

Waterside Mapping

Laser scanning and bathymetric side-scan sonar represent the cutting edge of environmental survey technology. Over the last few years, we have tested the integration of these two methodologies, carrying out a number of high-resolution surveys on the Po River, the Venice canals and various Italian harbours. Bathymetric surveys were conducted using a SEA SWATHplus-H wide-swath sonar. An Optech ILRIS-3D terrestrial laser scanner was used to scan the areas above water level. Information from these scans was used to create 3D black and white images (intensity images) of the surveyed area. In the case of the laser scanner, these images are... (read more)
2008-03-12 12:00:00

Surveying in the Ross Sea

The deepwater research vessel Tangaroa of the National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research (NIWA) of New Zealand undertakes regular research expeditions to the Antarctic waters. In the last eight years, this 70m ice-strengthened vessel has successfully completed seven voyages to Antarctica: three of which were to the Ross Sea. This article describes her 48-day voyage in 2006. During this latest voyage, she once again collected data to extend our knowledge of the geophysical and biological make-up of the Ross Sea region Looking Back Tangaroa ’s first voyage to the Ross Sea was in February–March 2001, when it undertook a... (read more)
2007-05-09 12:00:00

Making European Marine Geospatial Data Available

Hydro International Interviews Jan-Bart Calewaert
For some years now EMODnet has been creating access to marine data sources. The long-term aim of EMODnet is to unlock the wealth of marine observations and data in Europe that are partly hidden and fragmented and make these easily available free of charge. On 20 October 2015, a conference will be organised in Oostende, Belgium, to discuss subjects such as data availability and governance of the EMODnet structure. Hydro International interviews Jan-Bart Calewaert, head of the EMODnet Secretariat. How big is the EMODnet Secretariat? The EMODnet Secretariat was set up in 2013. Currently, there are three people working at... (read more)
2015-08-27 02:36:09

Looking Far beyond the Horizon

Hydro International Interviews Steven Xu, CEO, Hi-Target
These are exciting times in the geomatics and hydrographic industry. Innovative solutions are being developed, integration is the main keyword and the big players are acquiring smaller companies that add a new dimension to their portfolio. Europe, Japan and North America are traditional strongholds of geomatics, but several very ambitious companies from China are doing their utmost to catch up with the frontrunners. Steven Xu, CEO of Hi-Target, was more than happy to share his thoughts and expectations with Hydro International. Read the interview here. Wim van Wegen and Joost Boers, Geomares Publishing, The Netherlands Hi-Target was established in Guangzhou,... (read more)
2016-02-01 04:20:25

Forward Looking Sonar for Navigation

Safer Navigation with Wider Adoption of FLS
An increasing number of ships are venturing into areas where the only hydrographic data available do not meet the standard many of these vessels require for safe navigation. A number of recent and some not so recent marine casualties have resulted from encounters with uncharted, isolated seabed features (Russell, 2014). The situation is recognised by the IHO; but the necessary improvement to the hydrographic data will take years. Meanwhile, the informed use of Forward Looking Sonar (FLS) could contribute to safer navigation in inadequately charted areas. Present-day commercial FLS developed from its use by fishing vessels and for obstacle avoidance... (read more)
2015-04-03 02:14:06

Shallow Inland Water Bathymetry Meets IHO S-44 Special Order

Application of the Kongsberg GeoSwath System
For many years, the GeoSwath system from Kongsberg GeoAcoustics has been providing an efficient simultaneous swath bathymetry and sidescan seabed mapping solution with accuracies that meet the IHO S-44 Special Order standard for hydrographic surveys. GeoSwath systems have been fitted to a number of small crafts and have been utilised to conduct bathymetric surveys of lakes, ponds, dams and rivers. This article describes two of the vessels that have been employed to undertake this area of work. The use of Unmanned Surface Vessel (USVs) allows surveying in locations and situations in which deployment of conventional platforms is not practical or... (read more)
2018-02-27 01:01:18
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